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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 65-73

Methanolic leaf extract of Dryopteris dilatata reverses kidney injury on streptozotocin-induced diabetic male wistar rats


1 Department of Pharmacology, PAMO University of Medical Sciences, Port-Harcourt, Nigeria
2 Department of Human Physiology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Agbani, Enugu, Nigeria
3 Department of Experimental Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Port-Harcourt, Choba, Rivers State, Nigeria
4 Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Agbani, Enugu, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Celestine Okafor Ani
Department of Human Physiology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/njecp.njecp_10_22

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Background: Hyperglycemia when sustained leads to diabetes which has become a chronic disorder having morbidity and mortality rate. This study investigated the effect of methanolic leaf extract of Dryoptersis dilatata (MEDd) on kidney injury caused on streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic Wistar rats. Materials and Methods: Thirty Wistar rats were divided into five groups of six rats each. Group 1 received distilled water (10 ml/kg); Group 2 received STZ (60 mg/kg) only, Groups 3 and 4 received STZ followed by 400 and 800 mg/kg of MEDd, respectively, while Group 5 received STZ + Pioglitazone (10 mg/kg). After 2 weeks of treatment, rats were sacrificed and blood, spleen, liver, pancreas, and kidney were collected for biochemical analysis. Results: The results showed that MEDd extract caused a significant decrease (P < 0.05) in STZ-induced diabetic rats, oxidative stress markers, malondialdehyde nitric oxide, and glutathione superoxide were ameliorated in organs such as the kidney and pancreas in diabetic rats after treatment with MEDd. Kidney markers (urea and creatinine) were ameliorated as well as reduction in organ weights in diabetic rats following treatment with MEDd. Conclusion: Therefore, it was observed from our study that MEDd has antidiabetic and nephron-protective capacity as it ameliorates in vivo adopted in lieu of nephropancreatic caused by STZ-induced diabetes.


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