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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 122-128

Assessment of the effect of nutrition on academic performance in primary school students in Dangriga Belize


1 Department of Public Health, Texila American University, Guyana
2 Department of Public Health, Jackson State University, Jackson Mississippi, USA
3 Department of Public Policy and Administration, Jackson State University, Jackson Mississippi; Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Service, Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, Washington, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Udensi K Udensi
Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Service, Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System, 1660 South Columbian Way (S 113), Seattle, Washington 98108
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/njecp.njecp_10_21

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Background: Malnutrition is a serious problem among children in developing countries and undernutrition negatively affects child development and academic performance. Methods: A cross-sectional study was done in six primary schools in Dangriga, Stann Creek Region of Belize, involving children (5–12 years) to assess malnutrition prevalence and determine if there is a relationship between nutritional status and academic performance. About 353 students were surveyed at a confidence level of 95%, with a 5% margin of error. Mathematics and English scores were recorded and compared between the groups. Results: A positive relationship was found between weight for age Z-scores and English and Mathematics; Height for age Z-scores with English. Conclusion: This study did not establish a conclusive positive relationship between several indicators of students' nutritional status and academic performance in English and Mathematics.


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